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Economy - Structure & Trends

GDP - Including Regional GDP of 31 Chinese Mainland Provinces (PPP constant 2000 international $)

1

USA 10,319,212  

52

Portugal 178,833  

103

Uganda 34,790

2

China 6,089,508  

53

Anhui 178,471  

104

Nepal 33,078

3

Japan 3,370,472  

54

Hong Kong, China 175,004  

105

Cameroon 32,192

4

India 2,907,780  

55

Beijing 164,576  

106

Kenya 31,268

5

Germany 2,164,293  

56

Norway 162,346  

107

Hainan 30,144

6

France 1,562,536  

57

Denmark 160,133  

108

Angola 29,947

7

United Kingdom 1,521,499  

58

Czech Republic 157,647  

109

El Salvador 29,509

8

Italy 1,476,865  

59

Chile 153,103  

110

Azerbaijan 28,135

9

Brazil 1,299,664  

60

Romania 149,482  

111

Turkmenistan 27,283

10

Russian Fed. 1,250,618  

61

Ireland 142,388  

112

Uruguay 26,439

11

Canada 916,658  

62

Hungary 139,535  

113

Luxembourg 26,366

12

Mexico 885,965  

63

Finland 135,989  

114

Cambodia 26,315

13

Spain 869,392  

64

Nigeria 135,316  

115

Paraguay 24,968

14

Korea, Rep. 813,419  

65

Peru 134,894  

116

Cote d'Ivoire 23,482

15

Indonesia 681,625  

66

Jiangxi 127,167  

117

Bosnia & Herzegovina 23,337

16

Guangdong 612,183  

67

Israel 126,571  

118

Latvia 22,517

17

Jiangsu 559,841  

68

Guangxi 122,884  

119

Jordan 21,661

18

Shandong 558,722  

69

Venezuela, RB 119,294  

120

Lebanon 21,557

19

Australia 556,532  

70

Morocco 113,909  

121

Bolivia 21,539

20

Turkey 452,404  

71

Jilin 113,336  

122

Tanzania 21,066

21

Netherlands 450,101  

72

Yunnan 110,761  

123

Mozambique 19,823

22

SouthAfrica 447,913  

73

Shanxi 110,370  

124

Panama 19,321

23

Thailand 444,941  

74

Tianjin 109,969  

125

Honduras 17,544

24

Iran, Islamic Rep. 438,709  

75

Shaanxi 107,763  

126

Qinghai 17,531

25

Zhejiang 422,099  

76

Chongqing 101,113  

127

Ningxia 17,313

26

Argentina 420,527  

77

Singapore 98,292  

128

Estonia 17,305

27

Poland 410,587  

78

Inner Mongolia 96,614  

129

Nicaragua 16,888

28

Philippines 332,712  

79

Kazakhstan 93,764  

130

Yemen,Rep. 16,101

29

Hebei 318,924  

80

New Zealand 85,530  

131

Senegal 15,941

30

Henan 316,679  

81

Xinjiang 84,357  

132

Guinea 15,665

31

Pakistan 294,043  

82

Slovak Republic 68,707  

133

Botswana 14,180

32

Colombia 282,272  

83

SriLanka 68,636  

134

Haiti 13,889

33

SaudiArabia 281,486  

84

Tunisia 66,943  

135

Albania 13,723

34

Shanghai 280,837  

85

Guizhou 60,927  

136

Papua New Guinea 13,611

35

Belgium 277,740  

86

Sudan 60,544  

137

Burkina Faso 13,432

36

Liaoning 269,682  

87

Syrian Arab Republic 58,727  

138

Trinidad & Tobago 13,350

37

Egypt, Arab Rep. 252,094  

88

Gansu 58,613  

139

Macedonia, FYR 13,152

38

Ukraine 250,847  

89

Bulgaria 57,138  

140

Mauritius 13,032

39

Sichuan 245,142  

90

Belarus 56,496  

141

Madagascar 12,913

40

Hubei 242,688  

91

Dominican Republic 56,325  

142

Georgia 12,531

41

Fujian 235,071  

92

Guatemala 48,232  

143

Namibia 11,762

42

Bangladesh 230,884  

93

Croatia 46,525  

144

Mali 10,942

43

Austria 229,992  

94

Ethiopia 46,082  

145

Armenia 10,597

44

Sweden 226,325  

95

Ecuador 44,742  

146

Jamaica 10,246

45

Malaysia 222,628  

96

Ghana 43,695  

147

Rwanda 10,056

46

Switzerland 212,137  

97

Uzbekistan 42,169  

148

Chad 9,812

47

Hunan 208,409  

98

Kuwait 40,856  

149

Lao PDR 9,404

48

Greece 207,972  

99

Lithuania 38,184  

150

Niger 9,275

49

Heilongjiang 199,031  

100

Costa Rica 36,341  

151

Zambia 8,616

50

Vietnam 191,301  

101

Slovenia 36,091  

152

Iceland 8,530

51

Algeria 183,637  

102

Congo, Dem. Rep. 34,978  

153

Kyrgyz Republic 8,356

 

     

 

     

154

Tibet 8,289

Note: For this table the World Bank GDP (PPP at 2000 international $) estimate for China of 6,090 billion was split up proportionally to the 31 mainland provinces of China, according to the 2003 Regional GDP published by the National Bureau of Statistics of China. Unit: Million international $ based on 2000 PPP.

Source: This figure is based on data from the World Bank's World Development Indicators, 2005 and the China Statistical Yearbook, 2004, Table 3-11 (Gross Domestic Product by Region, 2003)

The figure above shows the 123 largest economies in 2003, plus the 31 mainland provinces of China. The Chinese province of Guangdong (in the hinterland of Hong Kong), and the provinces of Jiangsu and Shandong (close to Shanghai) are already the 15th, 16th and 17th largest economies on earth (not counting China as a whole).

It is rather noteworthy that even provinces, which are hardly known outside of China, have huge economies that are comparable to well-known nations. For instance, Zhejiang province has a larger economy than Argentina, the provinces of Hebei and Henan have each larger economies than Pakistan, and Liaoning's economy is just a little smaller than that of Belgium.

This clearly illustrates that China's huge economy should be actually analyzed at the province level, which is quite comparable with "regular" countries.

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Copyright 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.